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In the Kitchen at the Arctic Restaurant

Wild Greens at the Arctic Restaurant.

The chickweed plant
Image Source, Wikipedia

Chickweed

(Stellaria Media)

Chickweed contains both vitamin A and C and while the young leaves are edible raw they are better tasting when cooked producing a flavor similar to spinach. The seeds can also be eaten. It is rich in iron and has been purported in folk medicine to cure skin diseases, rheumatic pains, arthritis, and bronchitis. This is not currently confirmed by any scientific data which we know of. It is not recommended as excessive amounts of chickweed can cause diarrhea and vomiting due to the content of saponins. Frederick Trump would have been wise to use chickweed in moderate amounts for his regular customers.

Chicory

(Cichorium intybus)

The young chicory plant leaves can be eaten raw and are cultivated as a salad green. Wild chicory has a bitter taste which can be reduced by boiling them before adding them to your meat or pasta dishes. The young roots can also be eaten raw but are usually dried, roasted then ground to make chicory coffee. The bright blue flowers can also be cooked and eaten. Used as an ancient German treatment for everyday ailments including intestinal worms we suspect that Frederick Trump would have served it with the wild game he offered at the Arctic Restaurant. He was known as the "scientific chef".

The chicory plant.
Image Source, Wikipedia

Clover plant
Image Source, Wikipedia

Clover

(Trifolium pratense, Trifolium hybridum, Trifolium repens)

Clover sprouts have the best taste and would have made a wonderful additive to the Arctic Restaurant green salads. If Frederick Trump was low on flour he could always just grind up some flowerheads and seed heads of clover to cover any shortfall. Frederick Trump seemed "to live in clover" and his customers always tasted the four-leaf kind with his reputation in cooking.

Coltsfoot

(Petasites sagittatus, Petasites frigidus var palmatus, Petasites frigidus var frigidus)

The flowers and young stems of Coltcfoot would have been great with the roasted meats served in the Arctic Restaurant. They can be roasted, boiled or stir-fried. Another wild green to serve alongside his collection of wild meats would be the spinach-like boiled coltsfoot. The leaves can also be rolled and burnt to ash after being dried out as a substitute to salt. Every restaurant needs something salty to satisfy our human cravings. Besides the obvious benefit of having a salt substitute it is also known to reduce migraine headaches which would have been advantageous for any restaurant in those heady days of the Klondike gold rush. It has been used for over 2000 years with claims to cure fever, lung disease, spasms, and pain. The American Academy of Neurology and American Headache Society give it a Level A recommendation for preventing migraine headaches.

Coltsfoot plant.
Image Source, Wikipedia - Petasites hybridus

Common Orache picture.
Image Source, Wikipedia

Common Orache

Atriplex Patula

Leaves can be eaten raw or used as a potherb. Use in moderate amounts as it is known to contain saponins. Thought to have originated in Europe, Common Orache seeds have been found in marsh deposits that predate European contact. Frederick Trump needed not haul all his supplies to the new world. The barren north appears to have been a vast supermarket awaiting his culinary talents to arrive.

Common Sweet Clover

Melilotus Officinalis

Needing some extra spice for the recipes, the Arctic Restaurant may have used the seeds and flowers of common sweet clover for flavouring. Sweet in smell does not mean sweet in taste as it is bitter. This legume can also be used in salads if the leaves are harvested before flowering.

Common Sweet Clover
Image Source, Wikipedia

Cow-lily
Image Source, Wikipedia

Cow-lily

(Nuphar lutea, Nuphar polysepala)

Peeling rhizome of Cow-lily after boiling or roasting is edible and can be sliced thinly for storage or be ground into flour. The dried seeds can be ground into flour after frying.

Dandelion

(Taraxacum Officinale)

Having been gathered for food since prehistory, dandelions are found on all continents and were once delicacies eaten by Victorian gentry. The whole plant is edible but young leaves out of sunlight are the least bitter to the taste. Blanching or being sauteed removes bitterness and make the leaves are more palatable. The Arctic Restaurant lacked no substitutes for coffee and roasted dandelion roots is another. Dandelion wine is a favorite even today in many parts of the world and we can't see Frederick Trump giving up this opportunity. Dandelion greens are rich in iron, calcium, potassium, manganese, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin K. Dandelion pollen can cause an allergic reaction.

Dandelion
Image Source, Wikipedia

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